Human Rights

Who has human rights?

All human beings.

What are human rights?

As a general definition, human rights are “claims on society and freedoms that all persons, regardless of ethnicity, nationality, language, color, race, sex, gender identity, religion, sexuality or class are entitled to enjoy by reason of being human”. These rights are inalienable, meaning they should not be taken away, indivisible, meaning it cannot be separated into parts but is all encompassing (i.e., the right to life, equality and freedom of expression), fundamental, meaning essential or basic needs that all humans share (food, shelter, safety), egalitarian, meaning they should be equal for all and universal, meaning that it should apply to all humans everywhere.

Some examples of human rights include but are not limited to:
Liberty                            Equality                             Expression                           Personal Safety                     Health Care

Are there other human rights?

Human rights cover all other rights but these are to include constitutional and statutory rights.
Constitutional rights are legal entitlements or principle of freedom extended to citizens (at times others as well) under a particular authority (government).

Some of these constitutional rights in the United States include but are not limited to:
Freedom of speech and expression                     Freedom of Religion                                           Association
Property                                                                   Legal representation (fair access)                     Freedom from Cruel and Unusual Punishment     Assembly                                                                  Fair & Equal Treatment (public)                        Equal Protection & Due Process
Equal Educational Opportunity                            Equal Employment Opportunity                       Marriage (procreate and raise children)          Vote                                                                          Privacy
Residential and educational services provided in a humane and least restrictive environment

Statutory rights or civil rights, relate to a law which is in place by legislature, protecting citizens’ individual freedom from infringement of the government. These rights are designed to ensure physical and mental integrity, life and safety from discrimination and prejudicial or distinguishing treatment on the basis of preconceived notions of a person’s membership to a particular group or class.

Some examples of protected rights by a specific civil law include but are not limited to:

Race                                      Color                                Sex                              Gender (Identity)

Sexual Orientation              Ethnicity                          Religion                      Age

National Origin                    Disability                         Language

How do human rights work at CHD?

There is a system of safeguards which include a Human Rights Coordinator for the agency, Human Rights Advocates in each program and Human Rights Committee. Another very important part of the system of human rights is the work that every person served, family member and employee does each day to promote human rights.

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